I visited the plant and learned about the history and manufacturing process. It was very interesting to learn that the capacity and reserves of inexhaustible sources like to drink “Borjomi” can constantly, well, one of the main issues was “what is better — plastic or glass?“. But in General Georgia is a country with great positive people, I come for the second time and all can advise.
The national Park Borjomi the Park covers an area of over 700 square km and is considered the largest national Park in Europe. Located at an altitude of 850 to 2500 meters above sea level.
The composition of mineral water “Borjomi” remains constant for over 100 years, which is confirmed by regular examinations and studies that are conducted officially since 1890. Now mineral water “Borjomi” is identical to that was first poured on the first plant Grand Duke Mikhail Romanov in the late nineteenth century.
The Entrance to the plant begins with the story…
In the NINETEENTH century, Borjomi was elected to the Caucasian residence of the Imperial family of the Romanovs, who were actively developing the resort. Borjomi as a resort came with the purpose of creation in Russia own “Spa” of the resort like Baden-Baden, etc. In 1850 in Borjomi was already present, the Park of mineral waters, and in 1890 began operating the first bottling plant. In 2010, the “Borjomi” said 120-year anniversary of the start of production.
In 1904 came in part to mechanize the production of “Borjomi“.In 1854 from Borjomi were produced only 1350 bottles, then in 1905, after establishment of production and export reached already 320 thousands of bottles and in 1913 and completely exceeded 9 million.
Sovietization of Georgia did not affect the reputation of the ‘ Borjomi“. I changed only the elite and the status of travelers: Romanov was replaced by Stalin, who also loved the water. The the Kremlin was made “Borjomi” no events.
“the Thaw” 1960-ies gave the ‘ Borjomi” another chance to get a reputation abroad. In 1961 423 thousands of bottles of “Borjomi” were exported to 15 countries including USA, France, Austria. In the 1980-ies implementation of “Borjomi” reached 400 million bottles, and this water was the most famous in the Soviet Union.
In 1990-1995 the production was strongly reduced due to internal economic problems in Georgia. However, since 1995, when the firm “Georgian Glass &Mineral Water Co. N. V.” resumed the production of “Borjomi” on two bottling plants, water production increased 40 times.
The This is the original colour pictures by Prokudin-Gorsky:
The It starts here Borjomi:
In the Borjomi valley has two factories: “Borjomi-1” and “Borjomi-2“, I visited both production. However, let’s start with the second. Here is mineral water Bakuriani is carbonated water, bottled in plastic containers.
Plastic bottles arrive at the plant in the form of blanks the size of a phone are referred to as PET preforms:
After that one blown bottle:
And filling with water:
Everything is controlled:
Sorting bottles in groups of 8:
The And now we move to the factory “Borjomi-1“, which is mineral waterBorjomi“.
The Borjomi mineral water field located in the Central part of the Ajara — Imereti ridge of the Caucasus mountains in Georgia, on the absolute height of 760-920 meters above sea level. Mineral water “Borjomi” is extracted for bottling of 9 holes, located in the area of the Borjomi reserve. The depth of the wells from 140 to 1500 m, however, the emergence of “Borjomi” comes at a greater depth is more than 8000m.
Due to the volcanic origin of the mineral water “Borjomi”, rich natural carbon dioxide, is able to rise to the surface without the support of any pump from a depth of 8-10 km warm stream (t 38-41C). “Borjomi” gets on the surface of the earth, the path of enriching a composition of more than 60 different minerals present in the volcanic rocks of the Caucasus mountains. All wells operate in Samoilova, i.e. produces exactly the amount of water that is restored naturally.
<>includes a one of wells where you are allowed to try the water. It is warm and smells of hydrogen sulfide, but the taste is completely identical to the bottle.
The water rises to the surface is enriched with carbon dioxide, but according to the recipe it is enriched with additional CO2.
For what? CO2 is a natural preservative and flavor enhancer. CO2 plant uses natural mineral water, which is produced at a nearby plant in the mountains. The amount of CO2 in Borjomi average and this number is specifically what is was 100 years ago. That is why there are no options, mineral water “with gas” or “without gas”. A single recipe from the beginning of manufacture.
One of the protective parameters of the bottle from the fake is considered The engraved deer. On the plant is not used glass. Only new bottles. Preparation of glass re-use — not a cheap pleasure.
Labels will be placed exactly in the center of the bottle and the deer, looking for those special device with multiple cameras the price of over 200 thousand dollars. On an industrial scale to make counterfeiting unprofitable. Distinctive bluish-green color of the bottle, “Borjomi” and patented in and has a personal name – “Georgian Green“. 30.
The In numbers:
- The Export to 40 countries;
- The 2/3 of the production is export;
- The just done 180млн liters per year, 130l of which is Borjomi. The remaining 50L is Bakuriani and Borjomi springs;
- The in the Soviet times was made up to 400 litres per year;
- The sources inexhaustible, according to geologists, the reserves of water is more than 800 million litres a year;
- The change of wells occurs every 30-50 years;
- The in the period of peak load plants operate day and night, obchno mode in 2-3 shifts a day.
the plant employs about 600 employees;
a total of 22 wells with a depth of 140m to 1.5 km, 9 of which are actively used. The rest — well monitoring;
The In General, the manufacturing process looks like this:
- The Passive outpouring of water from wells that are in a radius of 25 km from plant;
- The active transport pumps water to the plant;
- The extraction of hydrogen sulfide, sedimentation, cooling water;
- The enrichment of the natural CO2;
- The bottling.
- The Additional preservatives are added.
- The enrichment of more minerals is not possible.
In may 2006, the Russian Federal Agency for the protection of the rights of consumers imposed a ban on the implementation in Russia of all goods produced in Georgia, including “Borjomi“. The formal cause is the conformity of products with technical standards of the Russian Federation. On the background the disappearance from the market of Georgian water sales began pouring in Stavropol mineral waters “Nagutskaya-26” called “Russian drinks, but in 2007 the court banned the sale of water under such a similar name at the suit of the Georgian producer of the original “Borjomi”
And loading into wagons and trailers going on the old manual mode:
The Plastic glass sludge: any water in the same container. Term conservation of glass 2, plastic 1 year. The reason – ability of plastics to pass gas, which over time, reduces the amount of flushing water, but even a year later, the gassing of the water in the plastic is acceptable for human normal. According to the workers of the plant — they are very meticulous approach to the selection of suppliers of plastic food and preserving their own reputation.
The exports to Ukraine: “Borjomi” bottled from the same source, and in 1890, in the town of “Borjomi“, in Georgia. In order to get to Ukraine, “Borjomi” lines is supplied to the containers and shipped from the factory in Ukraine. On the way to the Ukrainian buyer “Borjomi” overcomes the distance of 2000 km from the town of “Borjomi” through the Georgian port of Poti on the sea in Illichevsk, after which apply on the territory of Ukraine.
The is it Permitted to drink mineral water all the time? the Dignity of medicinal mineral waters is their versatility: they are allowed to be used as a table drink, for preventing and regularly for treatment. One of the circumstances, raises questions about the constant consumption of “Borjomi” – there is a presence of calcium in water. But in the “Borjomi” amount of calcium is 100 mg/l, which is valid for daily use, as the risk of salt deposits appears only when the calcium content exceeds 200 mg/L.
It is David who introduced us to the Georgian traditions and Leo:
The main Georgian tradition — a feast and wine… in a completely not amenable to logic quantities:
The wine you should drink approximately as in this photo. After such a thermonuclear strike to help can only Borjomi, the slogan of which is “cleans unnecessary“:
Nearby is the very soul of the Borjomi Park.